Strategic Research Field Bioeconomy at the Fraunhofer ISC

The concept of the bioeconomy is closely linked to the "circular economy" and is to be developed into a "circular bioeconomy".

However, the bioeconomy does not only focus on the optimisation of material flows and resource management, but also aims at social change processes and the biologisation of many branches of industry, which will result in completely new products and solutions.

The Fraunhofer ISC offers sustainable solutions for the refinement and efficient material use of biogenic materials
 

Our competences

Fine Chemicals Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

Biohybrids

  • (Non-)covalent binding of biomolecules (antibodies, proteins, ...) to inorganic/hybrid materials (for example particles or (bio)functional surfaces)
  • Adhesives by integration of synthetically produced mussel peptides (dopamine/hybrid polymer)
 

Biogenic hybrid materials

 

Also

  • Processing and finishing of natural fibres and yarns
  • Extraction and modification of biogenic basic chemicals

Biobased Products Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

Material design for sustainable agriculture/forestry (materials for modern plant cultivation)

Added value from agriculture/forestry

  • Biogenic adhesives and their processing in (wood) lightweight construction (veneer bonding)
  • New magnetic inductive bonding of lightweight wood components / veneers

Refinement Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

(Biohybrids) Material design for bio-reactors

  • Immobilisation of enzymes on porous (glass) support structures for the synthesis of fine chemicals
  • Metal-oxidic particles and porous surfaces as support structures for continuous, photochemically assisted biocatalysis for the synthesis of fine chemicals
  • (Non)/covalent binding of biomolecules (antibodies, proteins, ...) on carrier systems for catalysts (biocatalysis)
  • Magnetic separation of algae


Functional coatings made of biogenic (residual) materials

Processing Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

Process and material development for sustainable water management

  • Magnetic porous scavenger particles for the purification of groundwater/drinking water against nitrogen / phosphorus (over-fertilisation), hormones (drug residues), (heavy) metals, micro- and nanoplastics etc.
  • Process for continuous ultrafiltration/purification of ground/drinking water (or other fluids)

     

Biosensorics

  • Detection of microbial germs (bacteria, viruses, fungi) using sensor chips (e.g. particle-based sensors, rapid tests)

     

Sustainable energy production

  • Particulate, metal-oxidic electrode layers as support structures for the synthesis of methanol from CO2
  • Sustainable hydrogen production using biohybrid, scalable solar-powered stand-alone system through CO2 fixation for renewable energy sources

Circular Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

"Design for Recycling" on the level of the material (closed loop)

  • Selective separation of layers / separation of material composites:
    • Electrohydraulic shredding (separation of composites at material interfaces)
    •  "Bonding-Debonding" (local heating of e.g. adhesives by magnetic particles (MAGSILICA®) in an oscillating magnetic field
  • Triggerable degradable silicones

     

Toxicological and metabolic evaluation

  • Human 3D in vitro test systems for food (e.g. feed, food supplements) and active substances (herbicides/fungicides/fertilisers) with regard to their interaction and metabolism in humans and farm animals


Test system for new materials

  • Test systems of biogenic active substances (e.g. anti-microbial effect of plant dyes)
  • Test systems of non-biogenic active substances (herbicides/fungicides/fertilisers) for agriculture/forestry

Services Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

Toxicological and metabolic evaluation

  • Human 3D in vitro test systems for food (e.g. feed, food supplements) and active substances (herbicides/fungicides/fertilisers) with regard to their interaction and metabolism in humans and farm animals

     

Test system for new materials

  • Test systems of biogenic active substances (e.g. anti-microbial effect of plant dyes)
  • Test systems of non-biogenic active substances (herbicides/fungicides/fertilisers) for agriculture/forestry

     

Bio-analogues (organo)typical tissue models

  • Artificial three-dimensional tissue models for "animal-free" pre-clinical risk assessment and efficacy testing of new products in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics, nutrition and chemical sectors (3D in vitro test systems)

     

Accredited material analysis

Apparatus engineering

  • Special equipment construction for composting/degradability tests and other test methods

Our goals

The Fraunhofer ISC aims to develop sustainable solutions for the refinement and efficient material use of biogenic materials.


To this end, we want to work closely with partners from agriculture (producers) through to reuse/recycling.

Initially, higher-value applications for biogenic materials (refinement) will be developed. In the medium term, a circular bioeconomy is to be established. In long-term projects we are working on the use of modern methods (such as biochemistry) for revolutionary biobased technologies such as artificial photosynthesis.

Positioning Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC

Strategy Bioeconomy Fraunhofer ISC
© Fraunhofer ISC